(The majority of these definitions are from Artlex: http://www.artlex.com/)
An attitude conveyed by the set of a person's facial features. Also,
a quality of inner experience, the emotions of the artist (expressive
qualities) communicated through emphasis and distortion
The part of a picture or scene that appears to be farthest away from
the viewer, usually nearest the horizon.
The area of a picture or field of vision, often at the bottom, that
appears to be closest to the viewer.
- Middle ground
The part of an artwork that lies between the foreground (nearest to
the viewer) and the background.
The entirety of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs,
and all other products of human work and thought: decorative artifacts,
environmental pollutants, high art, political ideologies, ritual beliefs,
social customs, and so on.
In anthropology, culture refers to the way of life of a human society,
transmitted from one generation to the next by learning and by experience.
Cultural universals include social organization, religion, structure,
economic organization, and material culture (sometimes called visual
culture). The spread of culture traits (customs, ideas, attitudes) among
groups by direct or indirect contact is called diffusion. The general
stages in cultural evolution are nomadic food gathering, then settled
food producing, and finally urban dwelling.
In the arts, the term is often used to refer to the expression of a
particular period, class, or community, especially intellectual and
artistic activity, and the works produced by it. Also, development of
the intellect through training or education. And, culture can refer
to a high degree of taste and refinement formed by aesthetic and intellectual
Types of Art
A work of art that represents a specific person, a group of people,
or an animal. Portraits usually show what a person looks like as well
as revealing something about the subject's personality. Portraits can
be made of any sculptural material or in any two-dimensional medium.
The field of portrait making and portraits in general.
A portrait an artist makes using himself or herself as its subject,
typically drawn or painted from a reflection in a mirror.
A painting, photograph or other work of art which depicts scenery such
as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers and forests.
- Still life
A picture of inanimate objects. Common still life subjects include vessels,
food, flowers, books, and clothing.
Ways a subject
The side view of an object or person.
The entire body of the subject is portrayed.
- Full-face or frontal:
The head-on view of a person or object.
The subject is standing, as opposed to sitting or lying.
The person is sitting on a chair or a similar object.
Elements of art:
Either the sensation of light, a source of light, its illumination,
the representation of it in a work of art, or an awareness as if there
were light on a subject.
An element of art which refers to the surface quality or "feel"
of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures may
be actual or simulated. Actual textures can be felt with the fingers,
while simulated textures are suggested by the way the artist has painted
certain areas of a picture.
An element of art, it is an enclosed space defined and determined by
other art elements such as line, color, value, and texture. In painting
and drawing, shapes may take on the appearance of solid three-dimensional
object even though they are limited to two dimensions-- length and width.
This two-dimensional character of shape distinguishes it from form,
which has depth as well as length and width.
A mark with length and direction (-s). An element of art that refers
to the continuous mark made on some surface by a moving point. Types
of line include: vertical, horizontal, diagonal, straight or ruled,
curved, bent, angular, thin, thick or wide, interrupted (dotted, dashed,
broken, etc.), blurred or fuzzy, controlled, freehand, parallel, hatching,
meandering, and spiraling. Often it defines a space, and may create
an outline or contour, define a silhouette; create patterns, or movement,
and the illusion of mass or volume. It may be two-dimensional (as with
pencil on paper) three-dimensional (as with wire) or implied (the edge
of a shape or form).
of art that refers to the distance or area between, around, above, below,
or within things. It can be described as two-dimensional or three-dimensional;
as flat, shallow, or deep; as open or closed; as positive or negative;
and as actual, ambiguous, or illusory.
Produced when light strikes an object and then reflects back to the
An element of art that refers to the lightness or darkness of a color.
Value is an especially important element in works of art when color